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History

2015 Turkey

> Programme archives

Under the High Patronage of the President of the Republic of Turkey and His Majesty the King of the Belgians. 

for this edition 472 517 visitors visited Turkey, cradle between the Asian and European cultures. 
During 118 days all aspects of this fascinating country were shown across 44 cities inBelgium and its neighbouring countries.
EUROPALIA, 127 cultural partners640 artists & experts presented 20 exhibitions in which exceptional masterpieces were shown coming from the greatest Turkish museums and 248 events have shown the best contemporary art, traditional and contemporary dance, co-creations, from classical to electronic music, literary events, focus on film…

Highlights

Anatolia proposed more than 200 exceptional art works from 40 museums in Turkey; Imagine Istanbul presented the great master of photography Ara Güler to the Belgian public and Istanbul - Antwerp. Port City Talks. in MAS brilliantly illustrated the parallels between the two port cities.

Jef Neve and NOHlab – BaBa ZuLa – Okay Temiz & Belgistan – Mustafa Özkent & Belçika Orkestrasi – Christian Rizzo – Ziya Azazi – Nuri Bilge Ceylan – Hakan Günday – Spectacular Translation Machine – 22 residencies – ...


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2013 India

> Programme archives

Under the High Patronage of the President of the Indian Republic Pranab Mukherjee and His Majesty the King of the Belgians. 

509 events: 30 exhibitions, 97 concerts, 32 dance performances, 24 theatrical performances, 136 film screenings, 29 literary events and 161 lectures, workshops and events in libraries and universities.  The festival attracted 837,000 visitors

The 30 exhibitions organised all around Belgium which covered wide-ranging themes - ranging from the sari to architecture, but also Bollywood, design, Sanskrit, the Ramayana, extraordinary pictures of India in the nineteenth century... - were the opportunity to showcase the treasures of ancient India but also new fascinating works of art by young artists especially created for the festival. The two flagship projects were as usual hosted by the Centre for Fine Arts. 'The Body in Indian Art' offered, through the Indian perception of the body, a unique insight into Indian culture and traditions over the centuries. 'Indomania, from Rembrandt to the Beatles', on the other hand, depicted the Western standpoint on India from Vasco de Gama up until today. In Liege, a contemporary art walk including photography, videos, installations explored the theme of water.  

Performing arts revealed India's diversity through a spellbinding selection of ritual, sacred, folk and contemporary dances, as well as Indian puppet theatre. They were represented by artists such as ‘Leela Samson’,  ‘Kapila Venu’, ‘Alarmel Valli’, ‘Revanta Sarabhai’, ‘Attakkalari’ to name but a few. 

The musical programme also presented a fine overview raging from sacred, Carnatic, Hindustani music but also world music, fusion, experimental and electronic music.  Some of the artists featured include ‘Adivasi Sidi Dhamal Goma Party’, ‘Meeta Pandit’, ‘Chassol’, ‘ Madhup Mudgal’, DJ’s’Andy Votel’, … and there were many concerts in which Indian masters and Belgian or international artists collaborated: Zakir Hussain and John Mc Laughlin with the project ‘Remember Shakti’; Chitraveena Ravikiran and Roland Van Campenhout, Ionah trio, who collaborated with the dancer Yentl De Werdt and Tuur Florizoone who played with Trilok Gurtu, ...

Indian cinema obviously took pride of place in the festival too as it was celebrating its centenary in 2013. Retrospectives, thematic events, Belgian premieres, a mini-festival, Flageywood, which brought together several disciplines around cinema, among which an exhibition of the photographer, Max Pinckers, concerts, workshops and a meeting with the director Anurag Kashyap who came to present his latest film 'Ugly'. 

In the literary programme, europalia.india hosted several Indian authors through conferences, publications and readings as well as residences. The festival welcomed several acclaimed authors such as Abha Dawesar, Jeet Thayil, Vikas Swarup and Manu Joseph.

The festival was not confined to theatres and museums: many institutes and partners, among which universities, organised conferences and workshops on wide-ranging themes which allowed the spectators to have a more personal approach to several aspects of Indian culture. Libraries spread the passion for Indian arts throughout Belgium by organising lectures, workshops, conferences,...


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2011 Brasil

europalia.brasil

Programme archives


Under the High Patronage of the President of the Federative Republic of Brazil and of His Majesty the King of the Belgians.

463 events : 24 exhibitions, 137 concerts, 105 literary encounters and conferences, 62 dance performances, 31 theatrical and 4 circus performances, more than 100 cinema screenings, and it was attended by 913.000 visitors.

Original exhibitions traced the unknown Brazil. The main exhibitions Brazil.Brasil and Art in Brazil gave an overview and evolution of 3 centuries of Brazilian art, illustrated by works of art, which left even the Brazilians with esthonishment. Índios no Brasil made us discover the life of the Indians, Terra Brasilis offered a colourful and inspiring journey through the Brazilian fauna and flora and A Rua retraced the contemporary art of Rio.

Attention was also given to contemporary artists, and themes such as design, carnival, Afro-Brazilian culture, architecture, photography, … were present in other exhibitions of europalia.brasil.

Brasil is a country of music, this was illustrated through a vast music programme in which different genres such as samba, choro, forró, coco, MPB (Musica Popular Brazil), traditional, contemporary and experimental music were shown. These artists, who came from different regions in Brasil (Bahia, Alagos, Porto Alegre, Pernambuco, Brasília, Paraíba, Ceará and of course also São Paulo en Rio de Janeiro), gave the best of themselves.

’Encontros’ were organised in which Europalia brought Belgian and Brazilian artists together. Some examples: The National Orchestra of Belgium vs Roberto Minczuk & Yamandu Costa, Cidadão Instigado vs Mauro Pawlowski, DJ Tudo vs Steven De Bruyn and the extraordinary encounter: Toots Thielemans vs his Brazilian friends.

The Brasilian vitality and passion were illustrated through different dance performances. Europalia gave a platform to important companies such as Grupo Corpo, but also to Balé Folclórico da Bahia, Mimulus, Lia Rodrigues accompanied by her dancers coming from the favelas from Rio de janeiro, and many others. We could also witness an extraordinary and special performance of the Mehinaku Indians who shared there rituels with the public at different venues.

Not less than 105 literary events and conferences have been organised. And the theatre performances have been highly appreciated by the public such as the surprising Zé Celso with ‘As Bacantes’, or the classics revisited such as ‘La Mouette’ by Enrique Diaz or ‘O Idiota’ by Cibele Forjaz 

The club.brasil located at the Mont des Arts was the place to be to eat Brazilian snacks and savour the delicious Brazilian coctails. But, during the festival, you could also attend the weekly organised free concerts, swing during the dance workshops and improve your skills during the art craft ateliers. 

Libraries, restaurants, bars throughout the country organised Brasilian events for a large public.


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2009 China

Programme archives


The 2009 edition of the Europalia festival came under the High Patronage of His Majesty the King of the Belgians and the President of the People’s Republic of China.

567 events : 48 exhibitions, 100 concerts, 188 literary encounters and seminars, 28 dance performances, 57 theatrical performances and 146 cinema screenings, the festival attracted 1.101.175 visitors and spectators.

A europalia.china Tea House at the foot of the Mont des Arts in Brussels acted as the Information Centre and beating heart of the festival, but also as the starting point of artists’ trail “China in Town”. Inside the Tea House, the public was introduced to the art of tea and Chinese culinary specialties. They could also participate in various cultural workshops : calligraphy, Chinese storytelling, tai chi, paper cutting, qi gong, watercolour painting and even painting on silk.

In order to structure the programme and facilitate public understanding, festival events were grouped under four main themes : eternal China, contemporary China, colourful China, and China and the world.

The festival offered an extremely diversified picture of China, presenting popular art – puppet theatre, masks, tea... – as much as national heritage and contemporary art.

The five principal exhibitions were “Son of Heaven” at the Brussels Centre for Fine Arts, where some 250 masterpieces – half of which had never before left China – demonstrated the exercise of power and ritual over 200 “sons of heaven”. “The Silk Road” at the Royal Museums of Art and History traced the route of the famous road of the same name, from Chang’An to Kashgar. The exhibition “The Three Dreams of the Mandarin” at the ING Cultural Centre revealed the poetic and private face of scholars in China while “The Orchid Pavilion” provided insight into the ancient, but still very much alive, art of calligraphy. Finally, “The State of Things” brought contemporary Chinese art into dialogue with Belgian artists.

The festival gave pride of place to Chinese opera, which was shown in all its facets, from traditional to contemporary. Audiences were able to watch and listen to “TANG Xianzu’s Dream On Dreams”, “The Legend of the White Serpent”, “ Chinese Heroines, a trilogy” and “Living Memories : one-man operas”.

Other highpoints were the many music, dance and theatre performances. Of particular note amongst several hundred events were “Eastern Voices” with its assortment of minority voices, the haunting “GONG Linna”, “LIU Sola” and her band, the “Hong Kong Chinese Orchestra Ensemble” playing traditional instruments, the Mongolian and contemporary sounds of the “Hanggai Band”, the music of tomorrow with “China Express – Sounds of the Underground”, the performances of “Hamlet” & “Parody” by the “LIN Zhaohua Studio Theatre” and the “Guangdong Modern Dance Company” with its breathtaking performance “Upon Calligraphy”.

Puppet theatre was also present in all its diversity : shadow theatre, hand puppets, string and stick puppets enchanted both young and old, as did the extraordinary lion dance, which enlivened the streets of Brussels and Antwerp thanks to the “Shenzhen Lion Dance Group”. Nor forgetting the literary encounters with “SU Tong” and “MO Yan”, which provided a unique opportunity to engage into dialogue with these authors. Equally impressive were the acrobats from the “China National Acrobatic Troupe”, who closed the festival in style.


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2007 Europa

Under the High Patronage of 22 Heads of State, the president of the European Parliament Hans-Gert Pöttering, the president of the European Commission José Manuel Barroso, and His Majesty the King of the Belgians.

266 events : 11 exhibitions, 51 concerts, 87 theatre and dance performances, 81 movies, 29 conferences and debates, as well as 25 events dedicated to young people. It was attended by 621.991 visitors.

The exhibition “Le Grand Atelier” was one of the highlights of the festival, bringing together 350 art works from 22 European countries in the Centre for Fine Arts in Brussels. The movie 27x27x27, screened at the end of the exhibition, was showing 27 interviews of contemporary artists from each member state. A walking tour through Brussels, named “Agorafolly”, was showing a collection of art works created by 27 European young artists.

Finally, several Europalia partners organised exhibitions over European themes. A programme of music, theatre and dance also presented 255 events brought by the participating countries. Among the highlights were an interpretation of the works of Samuel Beckett by the Irish actor Barry McGovern, the German dance performance ‘Schritte Verfolgen’ choreographed by Susanne Linke, Romanian jazz concerts featuring Anca Parghel and Emy Dragoi, and a superb performance of the Slovak baroque ensemble Solamente Naturali directed by Milos Valent.


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2005 Russia

Under the patronage of the President of the Russian Federation and His Majesty the King of the Belgians.

476 events : 22 exhibitions, 132 concerts, 46 literary conferences, 7 dance performances, 49 theatrical presentations and 243 films and was attended by 1.108.899 visitors and spectators.

Two of the three main exhibitions, the “Russian Avant-Garde” and “From Tsar to Emperor” were hosted at the Centre for Fine Arts (BOZAR) in Brussels, while the “Trans-Siberian Express” could be visited at the Royal Museum of Art and History. The exhibitions “Fabergé. Jeweller to the Romanovs,” “Soviet Idealism,” “Symbolism in Russia,” and “Angels of History (1985-2005)” presented yet more aspects of Russia’s artistic heritage. The festival also tackled fashion, architecture and photography. The “Russian Promenade” and “Brussia” graced the streets of Brussels with a variety of artistic animations and young artists’ creations.

The music section of the programme included such awe-inspiring events as Valery Gergiev leading the St Petersburg Mariinsky Theatre and the new Russian National Orchestra directed by its founder. The festival resounded with performances by the acclaimed pianist Mikhail Pletnev, the Solists of Moscow under the direction of Yuri Bashmet, Moscow’s Musica Viva, the Moscow Choir Art Academy directed by Viktor Popov, violinist Anastasia Cheboreva, cellist Alexander Rudin and the pianoforte magician Alexei Liubimov. The festival organized various colloquia, among which Russian-European relations, immigration and the Avant-Garde were just some of the topics discussed. Contemporary Russian (animation) film retrospectives ravished film aficionados.

For the performing arts, world-famous theatre directors Piotr Fomenko, Lev Dodin, Anatoli Vassiliev, Declan Donnellan, Yevgueni Grichkovets, as well as the highly praised Playwright and Director Centre, presented both classical and contemporary pieces. Far from being overlooked, children could also enjoy some Russian puppet theatre. The star dancers of the Bolshoi Theatre closed the festival.


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2003 Italia

Under the patronage of the President of the Italian Republic and His Majesty the King of the Belgians.

415 events : 33 exhibitions, 139 concerts, 243 literary conferences, dance performances, theatrical presentations and film and was attended by 1.077.906 visitors and spectators.

The most important periods of Italy’s art and history, from de ancient to the contemporary period were evoked.

The three crowd-pullers were the exhibitions organized at the Centre for Fine Arts in Brussels “A singular Renaissance. The court of Este in Ferrara” and “Venus revealed. The Venus of Urbino by Titian” and the one at the Royal Museums of Art and History “Da Pompei a Roma”. Other exhibitions were amongst others: “Giotto and the 14th century art in Padua. Cappella degli Scrovegni”, “Anversa & Genova”, “Il Futurismo”, “The fifties in Rome. From the neo-realism to the Dolce Vita”, and “Maestro. Design Italiano. Collezione permante. Triennale di Milano”.

Several artistic events and exhibitions were organized on public places and in the streets of Brussels. The highlights of the musical programme were without any doubt the orchestra of the “Scala of Milan”, directed by Riccardo Muti, the “Orchestra Filarmonica Giuseppe Verdi” and Riccardo Chailly, the mezzo soprano Cecilia Bartoli and the popular Neapolitan performance by the “Cappella della Pietà de’ Turchini”. Contemporary music was more than present with quite often new world creations.

The theatrical programme included seven theatrical companies, from the Commedia dell’arte to the contemporary theatre. The participation of ‘symbols’ of the Italian culture such as Umberto Eco (literature), Claudia Cardinale (film), has contributed to the prestige, the originality and the media coverage of the festival.

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2002 Bulgaria

Sous le Haut Patronage du Président de la République de Bulgarie et de Sa Majesté le Roi des Belges.

136 événements expositions, 111 concerts, rencontres littéraires, 20 spectacles de danse, représentations théâtrales, séances cinématographiques et attira 375.000 visiteurs et spectateurs. 

Les trois expositions phares furent « L’Or des Thraces », « Icônes et manuscrits bulgares » et « Face à face. Mystères de la vie ». Les traditions populaires étaient très présentes dans le programme musical et de danse.

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2001 Polska

Under the patronage of the President of the Polish Republic and His Majesty the King of the Belgians.

241 events : 11 exhibitions, 116 concerts, 23 literary events, 3 ballet performances, 8 theatrical presentations and 80 films and was attended by 137.720 visitors and spectators.

The main exhibition “Forespring – Poland 1880-1920” presented 175 works from a period in which a change in mentality took place, announcing the reacquisition of liberty in 1918. A part of the collection of the Sztuki Museum of Lodz was presented both in Ghent and in Ixelles. Other exhibitions in La Louvière, Liège, Brussels, Eupen and Mons completed this programme.

The musical programme included Polish symphonic orchestras, soloists, vocal ensembles, choirs and folk ensembles such as Sinfonia Varsovia, Piotr Paleczny, Ewa Poblocka, Il Tempo, Ars Nova, Zespol Polski and Kroke Klezmer Acoustic Music. The folkloric song and dance company Mazowsze gave 3 performances which were highly appreciated. Films by Andrzej Wajda, Roman Polanski, Kawalerowicz and many other movie makers were shown in Brussels, Hasselt, Liège, Namur, etc.

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2000 Brussels, crossroads of cultures

Under the patronage of and His Majesty the King of the Belgians.

The festival lasted two months and was attended by 36.393 visitors.

This exhibition was organised as part of the project “Brussels, European city of culture” and covered two centuries of Brussels cultural history through 250 masterpieces of Belgian and foreign artists who created or exhibited in Brussels. Besides this, the historical and social context was set on the basis of documents, pictures and texts. These documents also illustrated contacts and ties in the field of literature, architecture, dance and music.

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1999 Hungaria

Under the patronage of the President of the Hungarian Republic and His Majesty the King of the Belgians.

169 events : 8 exhibitions, 119 concerts and ballet performances, 16 theatrical presentations, 9 literary events and colloquia and 17 films and was attended by 109.000 visitors and spectators.

The main exhibition at the Centre for Fine Arts, « Hungaria Regia » presented the highlights of the Hungarian past history. Very important works of art from more than forty ecclesiastic collections and Hungarian museums were lent for the occasion. Seven other exhibitions organized in Brussels as well as in Mons and Antwerp were devoted to the « Splendour of Hungarian arms», « Hungarian avant-garde », « 1000 years of Hungarian coins » and « Menyhért Tóth ». The exhibition « Made in Hungary » showed a retrospective of the works of various Hungarian photographs who left their home-country and those who stayed. « Hungary : the price of freedom » was an exhibition about the Hungarian revolution in 1956. Finally, contemporary Hungarian tapestry was on view in the exhibition « Association of Hungarian Tapestry Artists ».

The festival was a good opportunity to discover the extremely rich popular musical traditions through works by Liszt, Kodaly and Bartok.

Ligeti, Kurtag and Eötvös represented the contemporary music. The Belgian public was also seduced by the performances of celebrities like Ivan Fisher, Zoltan Kocsis, Tamas Vasary, the Muzsikas ensemble and many more.

We also discovered some beautiful Hungarian creations with the famous Puppets Theatre of Budapest or the tasty Mikropodium.

The Honved Ensemble, the Timar Kamara Ensemble and the Szeged Company but also the Sofia Trio presented the new tendencies in the dance scene.

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1998 Ceska Republika

Under the patronage of the President of the Czech Republic and His Majesty the King of the Belgians.

166 events : 6 exhibitions, 106 concerts and ballet performances, 50 theatrical pres entations, 3 colloquia, a film retrospective and was attended by 176.491 visitors and spectators.

The main exhibition « Prague Art Nouveau » was one of the most important events ever devoted to Czech art from the beginning of this century. « Late gothic art from Bohemia, Moravia and Silesia 1400-1550 » presented an extensive overview of artistic production from the three historic regions that make up the current Czech republic.

Other exhibitions were devoted to « Bohemian Jewellery », « Frantisek Kupka », « Frantisek Drtikol, Josef Sudek » and « Prague in colour ».

The musical programme presented baroque and contemporary music, with works by Janacek, Dvorak, Smetana and Martinu, the 4 most outstanding Czech composers. The Forman brothers, famous Czech puppeteers brought with « The Barracks » and « Baroque Opera » subtile and funny theatre.

The dance programme included a special evening devoted to Jiri Kylian, Czech choreographer, which enjoys a world-wide reputation, and his Nederlands Dans Theater. « Déjà Donné » is the first production of Lenka Flory and Simone Sandroni in which human relationships are put under the microscope.

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1996 Horta

Under the patronage of Their Majesties the King and the Queen of the Belgians.

The festival presented: 1 exhibition, 58 concerts, ballet performances and theatrical presentations and was attended by 143.966 visitors and spectators.

For the first time a grand cultural event was devoted to the famous Belgian architect Victor Horta. The exhibition offered a detailed examination of Horta’s work through photographs, aerial photos, design-drawings, interior reconstructions, building fragments, objects and furniture.

The exhibition’s summit were the three scale models of the Maison de la Peuple, the Aubecq House and the Centre for Fine Arts of Brussels.

In addition to the exhibition several other events, related to the history of Brussel’s Centre for Fine Arts, were organized.

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1993 México

Under the patronage of the President of the United States of México and Their Majesties the King and the Queen of the Belgians.

333 events : 14 exhibitions, 84 concerts, 8 ballet performances, 22 theatrical presentations, 17 literary events and colloquia, 187 films, 9 folk traditions events and was attended by 1.178.621 visitors and spectators.

The main exhibition, "The Eagle and the Sun", brought together the highlights of thirty centuries of Mexican art. "Maya-Metropolis" gave an up-to-date picture of the Maya civilizations, drawing on the most recent developments in archaeological research. Both exhibitions attracted high numbers of visitors.

Other exhibitions were devoted to "Frida Kahlo", "The Mexican Muralists", "The Feast of the Dead" and its folk traditions, "Mexican Dress", "Funerary Gifts from Zapotecs and Mixtecs",...

The musical programme took two main themes: written music (romantic Baroque and 20th century) and popular music and was representative of three centuries of musical creation in México. Highlights were: Belgian premieres, such as "Música para piel y palangana" (Percussion concerto) by Javier Alvarez and Conlon Nancarrow’s "Septet", the participation of the Xalapa Symphony Orchestra and the gala concert by Plácido Domingo.

One the most significant women in the theatre today, Jesusa Rodriguez came with "Cielo de Abajo".

Other major events were the meetings with the famous writers Octavio Paz and Carlos Fuentes, the tour of the "University of Guadalajara Folk Ballet", the richness of the Mexican film and the liveliness of the folk traditions.

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1991 Portugal

Under the patronage of the President of the Republic of Portugal and Their Majesties the King and the Queen of the Belgians.

594 events : 20 exhibitions, 159 concerts and ballets, 21 theatrical presentations, 27 conferences - debates, 267 films and was attended by 1.238.704 visitors and spectators.

Among the most prestigious exhibitions, "Triumph of the Baroque" presented the amazing treasures of the Portuguese 18th century. "Feitorias, Portuguese Art in the Time of the Great Discoveries" showed the influence of the European artists, especially the Flemish Primitives, on the Portuguese art and "Genius ex Machina" revealed the unique collection of 18th and 19th century scientific instruments of the University of Coimbra.

In the musical part of the festival special attention was given to the Portuguese guitar and the Fado. Thanks to its Europalia concerts, "Madredeus" pop group gained a new and promising international fame. The Teatro O Bando brought, with "Bichos", based on stories by Miguel Torga, a very original stage version.

The writer and poet Fernando Pessoa was one of the main figures of the festival, through an exhibition, a reading of his "Ode to the Sea", several films etc.

The Europalia Literary Prize of the European Communities has been awarded to Vergílio Ferreira.

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1989 Japan

Under the patronage of Their Majesties the Emperor of Japan and the King of the Belgians.

589 events : 38 exhibitions, 114 concerts, operas and ballets, 49 theatrical presentations, 21 conferences - debates, 367 films and was attended by 1.659.048 visitors and spectators.

The most important exhibitions that have to be mentioned are: "Man and his Image", "Japanese Buddhist Art", "Japanese Prints", "Namban Art", "Yamaguchi and Saito" and "Tokyo Project". The musical programme included a wide selection of the most representative ensembles of traditional music, who met with great success. Many works of contemporary Japanese composers were played in Belgium for the first time: let us mention the world premieres of Ichiyanagi and Miyoshi. By bringing to Belgium six theatrical companies and five Buto ensembles, Europalia 89 Japan has provided the broadest survey of both the contemporary and traditional theatre.

The Europalia Literary Prize of the European Communities has been awarded to Kenzaburo OE.

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1987 österreich

Under the patronage of the Republic of Austria and the Kingdom of Belgium.

521 events : 37 exhibitions, 242 concerts, operas and ballets, 182 theatrical presentations, 26 conferences - debates, 34 films and was attended by 1.673.919 visitors and spectators.

The exhibitions of the "Treasures of the Golden Fleece", "Margaret of Austria" and "Charles of Lotharingia" have provided an excellent illustration of this close relationship between Austria and Belgium. The exhibitions "Gustav Klimt", "Egon Schiele" and "Oskar Kokoschka" were not to be missed. In spite of the absence of the National Opera of Vienna, the Austrian ensembles: the Wiener Filharmoniker, the Wiener Symfoniker, the chamber music orchestras etc. have been hailed and admired throughout the country. 

The Europalia Literary Prize of the European Communities has been awarded to Ilse Aichinger.

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1985 Espana

Under the patronage of Their Majesties the King and the Queen of Spain and the King and the Queen of the Belgians.

741 events : 32 exhibitions, 142 concerts, operas and ballets, 201 theatrical presentations, 21 conferences - debates, 345 films and was attended by 1.509.215 visitors and spectators.

Of the 43 exhibitions, special mention should be made of "Splendour of Spain and the Belgian cities", "Santiago de Compostela", "Picasso, Miro, Dali", "Goya", etc. Of the music programme eight works, two of them commissioned for Europalia, were world premieres. One of the two was an oratorio by Luis de Pablo, "Viatges i Flors", the other a piece for choir and orchestra by Salvador Brotons. Two other major events were : the world premiere of a dance spectacle, "España Baila", song and dance of various regions in Spain and a massive youth exchange programme : 1000 young Spaniards were welcomed to Belgium and 1000 young Belgians returned the visit to Spain.

The Europalia Literary Prize of the European Communities was awarded to Juan Goytisolo.

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1982 Greece

Under the patronage of the President of the Hellenic Republic and Their Majesties the King and the Queen of the Belgians.

524 events : 32 exhibitions, 26 concerts, 293 theatrical presentations, 16 conferences - debates, 157 films and was attended by 756.630 visitors and spectators.

This was the biggest festival ever devoted to Greece outside its frontiers and one which reflected better than any others the diversity of the Greek heritage, too often associated purely with Ancient Greece. Of the thirty-five exhibitions two were addressed to a wide public: "Men and Gods of Ancient Greece" and "Splendour of Byzantium" which brought together the choicest items from collections and museums in Europe. Greek music was present in all its forms: Byzantine chant, popular songs and contemporary music. One could also see the leading Greek theatre companies in plays from the antique and also the contemporary theatre.

The Europalia Literary Prize was awarded to Antonis Samarakis.

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1980 Belgium

Under the patronage of Their Majesties the King and the Queen of the Belgians.

1050 events : 21 exhibitions, 59 concerts, 638 theatrical presentations, 47 conferences - debates, 285 films and shorts and was attended by 1.148.352 visitors and spectators.

The Festival was dedicated to Belgium to mark the 150th anniversary of its independence. The Belgian festival was focused on two aspects: the European programme, staged by the eight countries of the European Communities, as a mark of respect to Belgium, and the National programme, made up of events which celebrated the national cultural heritage.

Many exhibitions of the national programme were internationally acclaimed such as : "Bruegel, a Dynasty of Painters", "Women’s Lives 1830-1980", "Art Nouveau in Belgium", "Saint Benoit", etc. The musical programme was principally devoted to creation and production in Belgium. The Festival of Belgian Theatre: about 50 shows, many of them new works, offered the public a complete picture of the work done by the French- and Dutch-speaking companies. The Europalia Literary Prize was awarded to Suzanne LILAR for French Literature and to Ward RUYSLINCK, for Dutch Literature in Belgium.

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1977 Germany

Under the patronage of the President of the Federal Republic of Germany and Their Majesties the King and the Queen of the Belgians.

378 events : 49 exhibitions, 99 concerts, operas and ballets, 113 theatrical presentations, 11 conferences - debates, 106 films and was attended by 833.633 visitors and spectators.

One of the prime features of this festival was without any doubt the exhibition "Albrecht Dürer in the Low Countries: his journey (1520-21), his influence". Music featured prominently in the programme: there were performances by the Berlin Philharmonic under its conductor von Karajan, the Staats- und Domchor of Berlin, and others. Other important event: the Europalia Literary Prize was awarded to Peter HUCHEL.

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1975 France

Under the patronage of the President of the French Republic and Their Majesties the King and the Queen of the Belgians.

600 events : 29 exhibitions, 135 concerts, operas and ballets, 250 theatrical presentations, 62 conferences - debates - meetings, 124 films and was attended by 442.857 visitors and spectators.

A succession of theatrical events, including performances by the Comédie Française, the Théâtre National Populaire, exceptional concerts, varied and unusual exhibitions such as "From Watteau to David", "The Nabis", "Impressionist engravings", "Henri Matisse" and many others. The future Georges Pompidou Centre was revealed to the public for the first time.

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1973 Great Britain

Under the patronage of Her MajestyQueen Elisabeth II and Their Majestiesthe King and the Queen of the Belgians.

328 events : 18 exhibitions, 74 concerts, operas and ballets, 112 theatricalpresentations, 26 conferences - debates, 98 films and was attended by 459.729 visitorsand spectators.

Europalia 73 Great Britain was a first opportunityto present a comprehensive survey of Britishculture on the continent. Britain sent us itspainters, its poets, its musicians, its filmmakers,its opera and its theatre, its arts treasures,its humour and its Tattoo.

Special mention should be made of the exhibitions "Drawingsof the Collection of Her Majesty Queen ElizabethII", "Treasures of British Castles", "FromHenry Moore to Gilbert & George", "DavidHockney" and the participation of theLondon Philharmonic Orchestra and the Academyof St.Martin-in-the-Fields.

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1971 The Netherlands

Under the patronage of Her Majesty the Queen and His Royal Highness the Prince of the Netherlands and Their Majesties the King and the Queen of the Belgians.

124 events : 16 exhibitions, 22 concerts and ballets, 19 theatrical works, 11 conferences-debates, 56 films and was attended by 337.600 visitors and spectators.

The many exhibitions of this festival included "Rembrandt and his time", "Dutch Miniatures", "Prestige of Delft earthenware", "Stedelijk Museum" and "From Rembrandt to Van Gogh". Outstanding musical events included performances by the Residentie orkest Den Haag, the Concertgebouworkest and pop groups such as Focus, Ekseption etc. Every theatrical trend was represented, ranging from the wholly classical to the wholly contemporary.

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1969 Italy

EUROPALIA 69 italia

Under the patronage of His Excellency, the President of the Italian Republic and Their Majesties the King and the Queen of the Belgians.

283 events : 9 exhibitions, 25 concerts, operas and ballets, 44 theatrical presentations, 19 conferences-debates, 186 films, and was attended by 183.834 visitors and spectators.

Italy was the first country to accept the invitation. Europalia 69 Italy was a great success: the exhibition of "Frescoes from Florence", which was shown in Brussels before Paris and London, drew enormous crowds. Two salient events were the world premiere of a work by Luciano Berio, conducted by the composer himself, and the visit of Visconti to attend the premiere of his film "The Damned".

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